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DFG Research Unit FOR 2150 | Relativity in Social Cognition

The Relation Between Spatial Distance and Similarity: Consequences for Comparisons and Evaluations

Iris Schneider • Eileen Pauels

Determining how similar two things are is central to comparison processes. But how do similarity judgments come about? This project investigates a so far neglected source of similarity: spatial distance. All around us, there is a strong correlation between spatial distance and similarity. Often what is close together, is also very similar. Indeed, people even use words related to spatial closeness to indicate how similar things are, for instance when they talk about “close alternatives”. I argue that people are so used to this relationship between closeness and similarity in their environment, that they will use physical closeness as an indicator of similarity when encountering new objects. My research aims to show that spatial distance between objects in the world influences how similar these objects seem. Specifically, I will examine whether the same two things appear more similar when they are close together compared to when they are far apart. In addition, I will also investigate what processes underlie these judgments and what that means for liking and evaluation.

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  • Team | Spatial distance
    Team | Spatial distance
  • Iris Schneider
    Iris Schneider
  • Eileen Pauels
    Eileen Pauels


Jun.-Prof. Dr. Iris Schneider
PI | Spatial Distance

Universität zu Köln

Social and Economic Cognition III
Richard-Strauss-Str. 2
50931 Köln | GERMANY

Telephone +49-221-470-6523
E-mail i.k.schneider(at)